Electric Vehicle

Electric Vehicle (EV)
  • An electric vehicle (EV), is a vehicle that uses one or more electric for propulsion. An electric vehicle may be powered through a collector system by electricity from off-vehicle sources, or may be self-contained with a battery, solar panels, fuel cells or an electric generator to convert fuel to electricity.
  • Electric Vehicle (EV) technology is considered to be very vital as far as the environment is concerned. It offers advantages such as eco-friendliness, cheaper fuel cost, lower maintenance cost, energy efficient and safer.
  • Electric Vehicles are widely gaining market across the length and breadth. The automotive industry is rapidly shifting from traditional fuel based technology to eco-friendly technologies. Due to high pressure and fast depletion of fossil fuels, electric mobility has become necessary to reduce impact of transportation on environment and climate change. Electrification of automotive industry aims at achieving the set objectives of decarbonising the transport system.
Major Components
  • Electric Vehicle (EV)
  • Battery
  • Charging Stations and Infrastructures
  • Govt. Initiatives and assistances
  • Technological advancements
  • Public participations

Ministry of Road Transport has taken a number of initiatives to promote the use of Electric vehicles. Some of the measures are:

  • Green Registration Plate for Zero emission vehicles for distinct identity
  • Exemption of EVs from the permit requirement for plying as transport vehicle.
  • Licence to drive E-scooters to those in the age group of 16-18 years.
Background Colour

As per the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, in rule 50,

“In case of Battery Operated Vehicles, the registration mark shall be exhibited in Yellow colour on Green background for transport vehicles and for all other cases, in White colour on Green background.”

Initiatives by Govt. of Odisha
  • Tax:

    The onetime tax is 3% in respect of e-cart/e-rickshaw in our State of Odisha under section 15 of OMVD ACT, 1975.

  • Further steps are being taken for exemption of fee for registration, assignment of new registration mark, endorsing hire purchase / lease/ hypothecation agreement, conducting test for renewal of Certificate of Fitness and renewal of Certificate of Fitness and application for grant of permit, fee for grant, renewal, surcharge of permit in respect of all electric vehicles in exercise of powers conferred under Rule 33 and 68 of OMV Rules, 1993 in the interest of general public.
  • It is greatly understood by Stakeholders to encourage and endeavour the continuous development and usage of electric vehicles in our country for a sustainable environment in the long run.
  • As per the 5T Policy of Government of Odisha, online Document Uploading in electronic form with authentication by the dealer through digital signature and auto assignment of registration number has been introduced in Vahan-4 for new registration of vehicles at Dealer Point from 06.10.2020 vide circular No. 05 of 2020 dated 01.10.2020 of State Transport Authority, Odisha, Cuttack. This helps the registration process contactless, paperless and hassle free for the stakeholders at the Regional Transport Offices. The requirement of keeping hardcopy of documents will be dispensed and the uploaded digital documents will be used for further reference as and when required as per the Information and Technology Act.
  • The following documents need to be uploaded by the dealer:
    1. Form-20 duly signed by purchaser & Financer (in case the vehicle purchased under HPA). The Dealer must ensure the signature of the financier in Form-20 and no separate financier agreement letter is required. The dealer will be responsible for the purchaser signing Form20 before him.
    2. Original Form-22
    3. Insurance Policy.
    4. Dealer Sale Invoice
    5. Purchaser ID Proof :

      The name of the purchaser mentioned in Form 20 must be the same as that is mentioned in the ID proof of the purchaser. The dealer will be responsible to correctly enter the name in Form 20 as per the ID proof.

      Any one of the following original document will be uploaded in support of Identity proof of the purchaser by the dealer after verifying the same: Aadhaar Card, PAN Card, Voter ID, ID Card issued by State/Central Govt, Indian Passport

      No ID proof is required to be uploaded for the vehicle, if sold in the name of any farm/ company/corporate body/ state & central government/ PSUs/NGOs.

    6. Current Address Proof:

      Aadhaar Card, Voter Id Card, Passbook showing address issued by Scheduled Bank/Post Office, Pay Slip of State Govt. / Central Govt./State PSUs/ Central PSUs (if contains address), ID card issued by State Govt./Central Govt./ State PSUs/ Central PSUs, Indian Passport, Proof of Gas connection, Electricity Bill, Registered/Notarized rent agreement along with address proof of House owner, Pension payment orders with photos, Certificate from Principal/ Registrar of colleges/ Universities in Institutional Letter Head.

      Any one of the above original documents will be acceptable for uploading in support of Address proof of the owner.

    7. Chassis Pencil Print or Chassis digital photo.
    8. Photograph (Recent Passport Size) of purchaser with specimen signature of purchaser, if individual. The dealer shall check & verify the passport size photograph of the owner physically and shall ensure that the owner to sign on the photograph before him.

      No photograph is required to be uploaded for the vehicle, if sold in the name of any farm/ company/corporate body/ state & central government/ PSUs/NGOs.

    9. PAN of purchaser:

      Original PAN is to be uploaded, if vehicle sale amount is more than 2 lakh rupees, otherwise not required to upload. In case, if the purchaser is the state or central government, then TAN number is required.

      Any one of the above original documents will be acceptable for uploading in support of Address proof of the owner.

      As per the Circular No. 5 of 2020 dated 01.10.2020, for all passenger Auto Rickshaw (three wheeler passenger) vehicles for inspection on fitment of fare meter and entry of fare meter details in VAHAN4, the dealers shall produce the vehicles, in front of the MVI of their jurisdiction for inspection on the next working day during fitness inspection as per time fixed by RTO and submit the copy of the documents such as Money Receipt, Form-22 and documents related to Speed Limiting Device/ Speed Limiting Function/ GPS/ Fare meter wherever applicable .

Fitness Certificate:
  • All electric vehicles shall obtain Fitness Certificate as per Section-56 of Motor Vehicles Act 1988.
  • In case of new vehicle, the Fitness Certificate is valid for two years. After that, the vehicle is renewed for three years.